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Top Software Architecture Interview Questions and Answers

04/Jan/2021 | 10 minutes to read

Here is a List of essential Software Architecture Interview Questions and Answers for Freshers and mid level of Experienced Professionals. All answers for these Software Architecture questions are explained in a simple and easiest way. These questions will help you to clear your next Job interview.

Software Architecture Interview Questions

Software Architecture Interview Questions and Answers

These questions are targeted for Software Architects. You must know the answers of these frequently asked Software Architecture questions to clear a Software Architect Job interview.


1. Explain below applications architectures.

  • Model-View-Controller (MVC)
  • Model-View-ViewModel (MVVM)
  • MicroService
  • loosely coupled
  • Representational state transfer(REST)
  • Component Service Design Pattern
  • Event Driven Architecture (Azure Data Factory)

2. Detailed discussion on SOLID Principles.

SOLID Principles is a an acronym for five Object Oriented design principles. These principles are used while developing any software system. These five principles are below and for more you can visit SOLID Principles.

  • S - Single Responsibility Principle
  • O - Open Close Principle
  • L - Liskov Substitution Principle
  • I - Interface Segregation Principle
  • D - Dependency Inversion Principle

3. What type of design patterns you know? List some design patterns.

Design Patterns are used to solve common occurring problems in software systems. It provide a general solution that you can customize to solve your general problem. There are some commonly used design patterns as below.

  • Singleton Design Pattern
  • Bounded context design pattern
  • Factory Pattern
  • Repository Pattern
  • Observer Design Pattern
  • Strategy Design Pattern
  • For Design Patterns, There is a separate document here Design Patterns.

4. Explain different development practices TDD, DDD, BDD.

5. How to choose between NoSQL and Relational database?

6. What are the OWASP top 10 security risks?

  • Broken Authentication
  • Injection
  • Expose Sensitive data
  • Broken Access control
  • XML External Entities (XXE)
  • Security mis-configurations
  • Cross Site Scripting (XSS)
  • Insecure De-serialization
  • Using Components with known vulnerabilities
  • Insufficient logging and monitoring

7. Explain some cloud components.

Components in cloud refers to many things like front end, back end, storage, network, servers, virtual machines, Data centers etc. Other components of cloud are applications which serve as a service. Examples of these services are Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), Software as a Service (SaaS). For more Cloud Computing questions you can visit Cloud Computing Questions .

8. Explain Frequently used below Software Terms.

  • Usability
  • Readability
  • Maintainability
  • Flexibility
  • Testability
  • Reliability
  • Extensibility
  • Portability
  • Throughput
  • Security
  • ACID Guarantees
  • Concurrency

9. Detailed discussion around DevOps concepts like Continuous Integration, Continuous Delivery, Continuous Deployment.

10. Discussion around different Software Architecture designs.

  • High Level Design (HLD) also known as system design or macro-level design.
  • Low Level Design (LLD) also known as detailed design or micro-level design.

11. Discussion around different Software Architecture diagram types.

  • Business Process flow diagrams
  • Functional diagrams

12. Explain some common Software Development Methodologies.

There are many widely adopted software development methodologies which will help you to decide which methodology is right for your team.

  • WATERFALL
  • FDD (FEATURE-DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT)
  • AGILE
  • SCRUM
  • XP (EXTREME PROGRAMMING)
  • LEAN
  • DEVOPS
  • RAPID APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT (RAD)

13. What do you mean by Orchestration in software or cloud.

Orchestration can be defines as the automation of configuration, management and coordination of computer applications, systems and services. Orchestration is a collection of steps that are executed to accomplish a complex task or to automate a process or workflow.
Cloud Orchestration helps to automate workflow processes and complex tasks that occur to deliver cloud resource as a service to achieve the desired goals. DevOps Orchestration refers the automated management and coordination of devops practices to achieve defined goals.

14. Explain commonly used below cloud terms.

  • Containerization
  • Virtualization
  • Latency
  • Fault tolerance
  • Elasticity
  • Scalability
  • Availability
  • Application Outage or Downtime
  • Resiliency
  • Data integrity
  • Data Redundancy

Some General Interview Questions for Software Architecture

1. How much will you rate your self in Software Architecture?

When you attend an interview, Interviewer may ask you to rate your self in specific Technology like Software Architecture, So It's depend on your knowledge and work experience in Software Architecture.

2. What challenges did you face while working on Software Architecture?

This question may be specific to your technology and completely depends on your past work experience. So you need to just explain the challenges you faced related to Software Architecture in your Project.

3. What was your role in last Project related to Software Architecture?

It's based on your role and responsibilities assigned to you and what functionality you implemented using Software Architecture in your project. This question is generally asked in every interview.

4. How much experience do you have in Software Architecture?

Here you can tell about your overall work experience on Software Architecture.

5. Have you done any Software Architecture Certification or Training?

It's depend on candidate like you have done any Software Architecture training or certification. Certifications or trainings are not essential but good to have.

Conclusion

We have covered some frequently asked Software Architecture Interview Questions and Answers to help you for your Interview. All these Essential Software Architecture Interview Questions are targeted for mid level of experienced Professionals and freshers.
While attending any Software Architecture Interview if you face any difficulty to answer any question please write to us at info@qfles.com. Our IT Expert team will find the best answer and will update on portal. In case if we find any new Software Architecture questions, we will update the same here.

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