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Top 23 Azure DevOps Interview Questions and Answers

14/Dec/2023 | 10 minutes to read


Here is a List of essential Azure DevOps Interview Questions and Answers for Freshers and mid level of Experienced Professionals. All answers for these Azure DevOps questions are explained in a simple and easiest way. These basic, advanced and latest Azure DevOps questions will help you to clear your next Job interview.

Azure DevOps Interview Questions and Answers

These questions are targeted for Azure DevOps Engineer or Developer. You must know the answers of these frequently asked Azure DevOps interview questions to clear an interview for Azure DevOps jobs.

1. What is Azure DevOps?

Azure DevOps also known as ADO or Azure DevOps Server is a Microsoft product that provides the capabilities of version control, task management, project management, automated builds, testing and deployments. It provides an automated way to set up CI/CD Pipelines. It provides end-to-end solutions to implement best DevOps Practices.

2. How will you make sure that your pull request does not break the existing code before completing the PR?

3. What is the use of branch policies in Azure DevOps?

Branch policies serve as a set of rules and requirements for branches within a repository. They help in maintaining the code quality, control merges, and ensure compliance by enforcing specific conditions before changes can be merged into a target branch. These policies often include things like requiring pull request reviews, guidelines for branch naming, successful builds, passing tests, branch contributors, including right reviewers for code changes and other checks before allowing code to be merged. Branch policies help you to maintain a more controlled and stable development process.

2. What are the advantages of using Azure DevOps?

Azure DevOps offers all benefits which inherit from DevOps Practice as following:
  • Build better products faster
  • Maintaining System stability and reliability
  • Improved time to recovery
  • Better customer satisfaction
In General, Azure DevOps allows you to plan and track your tasks using Azure Boards and you can maintain code versions using Azure Repos. To build and deploy the application, Azure DevOps offers Pipelines. You can also manage your packages or feeds using Azure Artifacts. So Azure DevOps offers a single platform to manage each and everything from planning to application ready-to-use.

3. What features does Azure DevOps provide?

Azure DevOps provides many integrated features that you can use based on your project requirement. You can access these features directly in the browser or IDE.

  • Azure Boards to manage the PBIs and Tasks.
  • Azure Pipelines for the automation of build pipelines and releases.
  • Azure Repos allows you to manage your code versions.
  • Azure Test Plans to manage the Test artifacts.
  • Azure Artifacts manages the public and private package feeds.
  • Azure OnePlan provides the capability for enhanced visibility and alignment of the team working on the project.

4. What is Azure DevOps Services?

Azure DevOps provides different services:

  • Azure Boards
  • Azure Pipelines
  • Azure Repos
  • Azure Test Plans
  • Azure Artifacts
  • Extensions Marketplace
  • For more visit Azure DevOps Services

5. What are Azure DevOps Boards?

Azure Boards is a service to manage software projects. You can easily track features, stories, tasks and bugs associated with your projects. It provides capabilities including reporting, dashboards, support for Scrum and Kanban. You can plan, discuss and track work across the teams. For more visit Azure Boards

6. What is the Azure DevOps Pipeline?

Azure DevOps Pipeline performs the build and testing of any type of projects with any programming language to make them available to other targets. Azure Pipeline is an automated combination of Continuous Integration and Continuous Delivery to build, test the code project and ship it to deployment target.

7. What different ways does Azure DevOps offer to define pipelines?

You should have a basic understanding of key concepts such as triggers, stages, tasks, task group, variables, variable groups, build artifacts to create a release pipeline. Azure DevOps offers two ways to define pipelines:

  • Using YAML Syntax - Here you can use a YAML file to create your pipeline that you can version with your rest of code. The YAML file 'azure-pipeline.yml' contains all the code changes to build and deploy your infrastructure and application. You can also use YAML Editor in Azure DevOps portal to create your pipeline.
  • Using Classic Interface - Azure DevOps offers the capability to create releases using highly configurable and manageable pipelines by Classic User Interface. You can create releases to multiple stages with required approvals and checks using these pipelines. For more visit Define Classic Pipeline.
For more about pipelines visit Use Azure Pipelines.

8. What is a Multi-stage Pipeline?

Multi-stage Pipeline allows you to define CI, CD or both in your single YAML pipeline code. It offers some benefits such as easy to maintain, you can easily check that in which stage your deployment is currently in, and many more. For more about Multi-stage pipeline visit Multi-stage Pipeline Azure DevOps.

9. Why should you use Azure DevOps Pipelines?

Azure pipelines comes with many benefits:

  • Provides ability to work with any language or platform
  • Provides integration with GitHub
  • Can configure Open-Source Projects
  • Has ability to deploy on different type of targets at same time
  • Has integration with Azure Deployments
  • Provide build on Linux, Windows and Mac Machines

10. What is Release in Azure DevOps?

Releases or Release Pipelines allow you to continuously deliver your software to customers at a faster rate with lower risk. Release pipelines provide capability to fully automate the testing and delivery of your software in multiple stages prior to production. You can control these automated ways by approvals or on-demand deployments.
Azure DevOps allows you to create release pipelines by navigating to Releases in Pipeline Menu. Once you click on 'New' then 'New Release Pipeline', It will navigate you to the new release pipeline page where you can specify Build Artifacts, Stages, Pre-deployment conditions, Variables and other Deployment options.

11. Explain variable and variable groups in Azure DevOps.

Variables allow you to store some data that can be used across pipelines. All variables are mutable and stored as strings.
Variable Groups provide the ability to use variables across multiple pipelines. You can store secrets in variable or variable groups.

12. What are Azure DevOps artifacts?

Azure Artifacts allows you to create and share npm, NuGet and Maven package feeds from private and public sources with a team. Azure artifacts has capability to manage all types of packages like npm, NuGet, Maven etc.
You can easily add fully integrated Package management to your Continuous Integration/Continuous Delivery CI/CD pipelines with a single click or via ARM functionality. For more about Azure Artifacts visit Azure Artifacts.

13. What are Azure DevOps Test Plans?

Azure Test Plans is a planned and exploratory testing solution to improve code quality and provides three types of test management artifacts -test plans, test suites and test cases in Azure DevOps server. For more about Azure Test Plans you can refer Azure Test Plans.

14. What are Azure DevOps Repos?

Azure Repos is a set of version control tools by Azure DevOps. Azure repos are used to manage the code. It provides an unlimited number of private repositories, pull requests and code search for your projects. You can create a branch as per your requirement and can push the code from any IDE, GIT client or editor. Azure repos support two types of version control as below.

  • Git - is a distributed version control system and most widely used.
  • TFVC - Team Foundation Version Control - a centralized version control
  • For more refer - Azure Repos

15. What is Pull Request in Azure DevOps Repos?

Pull requests are used to review and merge code to a Git project. Pull requests allow your team to review your code and provide feedback on your code. Pull requests can come from either feature or topic branches in the same repository or from a fork. For more visit Pull requests.

16. What is Forks?

Forks provide a way to isolate confidential, risky and experimental changes from an original codebase. A fork is a complete new copy of code repository including branches, commits and files. A fork looks like someone cloned a repository and pushed to a new, empty repository. Once a Fork is created, you can not share fork files, branches with the original codebase unless pull request carries them along. For more visit Forks.

17. What is Azure DevTest Labs?

18. What is Azure Monitor?

19. Explain Application Insights in Azure DevOps.

20. What containers Azure DevOps support?

21. How to check Azure DevOps status?

You can check the health of Azure DevOps 24 hours a day on Azure DevOps Status portal: Azure DevOps Status.

22. What are Azure DevOps predefined variables?

23. What is Azure DevOps Agent?

24. How to use ARM output in Azure DevOps Pipelines?

For more refer this ARM Output Variables in Azure DevOps Pipelines

Some General Interview Questions for Azure DevOps

1. How much will you rate yourself in Azure DevOps?

When you attend an interview, Interviewer may ask you to rate yourself in a specific Technology like Azure DevOps, So It's depend on your knowledge and work experience in Azure DevOps.

2. What challenges did you face while working on Azure DevOps?

This question may be specific to your technology and completely depends on your past work experience. So you need to just explain the challenges you faced related to Azure DevOps in your Project.

3. What was your role in the last Project related to Azure DevOps?

It's based on your role and responsibilities assigned to you and what functionality you implemented using Azure DevOps in your project. This question is generally asked in every interview.

4. How much experience do you have in Azure DevOps?

Here you can tell about your overall work experience on Azure DevOps.

5. Have you done any Azure DevOps Certification or Training?

It depends on the candidate whether you have done any Azure DevOps training or certification. Certifications or training are not essential but good to have.


We have covered some frequently asked Azure DevOps Interview Questions and Answers to help you for your Interview. All these Essential Azure DevOps Interview Questions are targeted for mid level of experienced Professionals and freshers.
While attending any Azure DevOps Interview if you face any difficulty to answer any question please write to us at Our IT Expert team will find the best answer and will update on the portal. In case we find any new Azure DevOps questions, we will update the same here.