14/Aug/2020 | 10 minutes to read
QFLES is listing some Essential RPA (Robotic Process Automation) Interview Questions and Answers for Freshers and mid level of Experienced Professionals prepared by Industry Experts. All answers for these RPA (Robotic Process Automation) interview questions are given based on standard documents and tried to explain in simple and easiest way.
These interview questions are targeted for Robotic Process Automation known as RPA and related tools like UiPath, Blue Prism and Automation Anywhere.
1. What is Robotic Process Automation or RPA?
RPA (Robotic Process Automation) is a technology that is used to automate the tasks or work in software applications and systems just like humans are performing on them.
In RPA Robots can be trend based on some flow or steps to perform some actions. RPA enables organizations to make use of these software robots to finish repetitive,
time consuming tasks for better satisfaction of customers.
So in simple terms RPA is a process to automate other softwares, these softwares will do repetitive and time consuming tasks which are done by humans now.
2. Give some examples of RPA Applications.
Below is the list of Examples of RPA applications.
3. What are the different types of RPA tools in market?
There are many different type of RPA tools available. Below is the some common Robotic Process Automation tools list.
4. What are the stages of RPA life cycle?
These are the below stages of RPA life cycle.
5. What are the characteristics of RPA?
RPA has the following characteristics.
6. What are the advantages of RPA tools or Robotic Process Automation tools?
There are many benefits of implementing RPA.
7. What is bot in RPA? What are the different types of bots available in RPA?
A Bot is a software program to perform or automate the tasks very quick as compared to humans. RPA bots can learn and cloned. There are many type of bots are available.
8. How RPA is Different from Scripting and Macros?
RPA is related to scripting and macros but comes with additional values.
Macros- A Macro is a short sequence of code to perform a single task or a series of tasks.
Script- It's closely related to macro. A script is a general term for a sequence of computer code that execute some procedure or series of tasks.
RPA- RPA tools include the functionality that's beyond the capability of scripts and macros like OCR (optical character recognition) and AI (Artificial Intelligence) .
Difference - script or macro is linear and fixed while RPA robots are dynamic. RPA robots can learn, adding cognitive and AI capabilities. When using script or macros you need developers who has programming knowledge but for RPA robots programming knowledge is not required to maintain the automation.
Another major difference is that RPA is autonomous of the application. Where you might need multiple scripting tools to create scripts to perform in your various applications, RPA can interact with multiple applications at once at the object layer.It can be applied virtually to any application or multiple applications at a time.
9. What is Attended versus Unattended Automation?
Let's understand the attended and unattended automation.
Attended AutomationWhen automation can not be achieved for entire end to end process then attended automation comes in picture. In this Attended bots works alongside humans by system level events that can share the data with human workers. Attended robots optimize the tasks by offloading portions of them and helping work done quickly. for example, in a bank for customer call attended robot can pick the data during live call with human and put that data in another required form.
Unattended AutomationThis automation executes the task without human involvement. In this case Robots can be triggered by events and scheduled. Unattended robots can work 24*7*365 without human interaction. for example, A batch job to populate the data in a spreadsheet on server.
10. Explain Thin Client and Thick Client in RPA Automation.
Thin Client and Thick Client both are related network connection and standalone application approach.
Thin Client - It's a software that is designed primarily to work with servers, for example browser need continuous network connection to work properly. Thin client software:
11. What are the limitations of RPA?
RPA performs very quick for repetitive and complex process tasks but like any other technology RPA also has some limitations.
12. What are the different components of RPA Solution Architecture?
RPA (Robotic Process Automation) architecture is very critical phase of RPA life cycle. RPA solution architecture define how well suited RPA solution you
are developing. RPA solution is the combination of many tools, platforms and various infrastructure elements to make it complete working RPA tool or solution. So All these blocks are
decided in architect phase. So RPA Architecture is the combination of different blocks, let's understand these blocks.
RPA Tool - The capabilities of RPA Tool that you are going to use has ability to automate the applications for any environment such as web, desktop, citrix. These tools has ability to read/write from/to different data sources or not.
RPA Platform - A shared central repository that is used to store all the software robots and resources created using RPA tools, it's preferable in the cloud. RPA Platform has the capability to schedule, distribute and monitor other software robots where All RPA software logs can be stored. RPA Platform act as a repository for reusable components share across multiple software robots.
Infrastructure for RPA Execution - RPA execution infrastructure is the collection of virtual or physical machines that can be scaled up or down based on data patterns, on which software robots are executed for attended or unattended process automation.
Configuration Management - When RPA software version is important then configuration management comes to constantly update software robots to newer versions. When multiple team members are working on shared components then it's needed to maintain code versions and branching.
Other Considerations - There are many RPA vendors in market providing all components are as single unit for RPA development. You should consider the tools or platform which are providing more configuration management capabilities.
13. What is Screen Scraping in RPA?
Screen Scraping is the process of capturing the screen display bitmap data. Bitmap Data is cross checked against stored information to decipher it.
This data is stored in database or spreadsheets and used for other applications.
Screen scraping is well suited to work with application interfaces which can not be directly accessed by any UI framework or code. Screen scraping for Text is very common, when UI frameworks or code is not able to extract text from applications then Automation capture the text blocks and decipher it.
14. How RPA is different from Traditional Automation?
RPA and Traditional both are used for automating the business process tasks. But there are few differences as below.
15. What are the advantages and disadvantage of Screen Scraping?
Screen Scraping has some advantages and some disadvantages as below.
16. For the selection of RPA tools what key points you should consider?
While selecting any RPA tool you should keep these points in consideration.
17. What is the goal behind RPA?
The Main goal of RPA is to perform the repetitive and complex business tasks (which are performed by humans) very quickly, with minimal cost and zero rate of errors. RPA also provides many AI capabilities.
18. what are the 2 scripting standards that you should consider during automation?
Two standards that you should consider in scripting are:
19. Can RPA automate any business process?
RPA is not responsible for all business process automation. A business Process which involves repetitive steps based on some business rules is perfectly fit for RPA. A Process which take decisions based on some scenarios, and perform some reasoning is not fit for RPA.
20. What is a Test Automation Framework?
A Testing Automation Framework is defined as a set of best practices or certain guidelines and tools to write test cases and to achieve expected results. These best practices could include object repositories, test data handling methods, coding standards, process to store test results and information about external resources.
21. Explain different types of Test Automation Framework.
There are 6 different types of Testing Automation Framework with their own advantages and disadvantages as below.
22. What are the benefits of Test Automation Framework.
A Test Automation Framework provides many benefits as below.
23. What are things you should remember for successful RPA Implementation?
You should keep certain points in mind for successful RPA Implementation.
24. How long does it take to automate a Process in RPA?
Generally, RPA Process takes 1-3 months for the automation part. But there are certain scenarios where you need to put some break and not let to enter the process for delivery. These scenarios can be:
25. Does RPA require programming knowledge or special skills?
RPA operations does not required any prior programming knowledge or special skills. Any one can get some training on RPA tools and start the work. So RPA works on just trend and apply concept.
26. What are the most popular RPA tools?
Blue Prism, UiPath and Automations Anywhere are the most popular RPA Tools in the market.
28. Why RPA fits for Data migration?
Data migration is a common task for most of organizations as they do mergers, acquisitions, retirement of old legacy systems, perform modernizations etc. Mostly Organizations use Robotic Process Automation for data migrations as Robots are well suited to perform repetitive , rules based and highly structured data. RPA comes with following data migration benefits.
29. How to choose the right process for Robotic Process Automation?
There are several factors which determines a process to be automated.
30. How will you determine that, Does it make sense to automate a Process?
Sometimes to automate every process is not worth for a organization. Process automation should have a positive and meaningful impact on organization. So consider the process to automate which has more likely effects as below.
31. How to select best processes to automate with Intelligent Automation?
Choose a process for Intelligent Automation for
30. How to test RPA task?
31. How will you do RPA Source code Management?
32. How will you handle secure data like username and password in automation project?
33. What are risks associated with RPA? and how will you mitigate them?
27. Which RPA Tool did you use? Explain the architecture of the that Tool.
28. Explain Surface automation in RPA.
29. Is there any open source tools for RPA (Robotic Process Automation) is available?
RPA (Robotic Process Automation) Quick Facts:
Future of RPA (Robotic Process Automation):
RPA (Robotic Process Automation) is doing very well in all industries to automate their business tasks and being adopted across all industries. RPA has very good future scope as It's
providing many benefits to the industries as compared to cost involved in it. Operations are running very smoothly and less chance of human errors.
RPA vendors are also introducing new techniques to provide more capabilities like AI Techniques, ML (Machine Learning), Cloud support etc. Industries are providing many RPA Job opportunities in which you can make your career with attractive salaries. RPA developers are being hired across all industries.
Some General Interview Questions for RPA:
1. How much will you rate your self in RPA?
When you attend an interview, Interviewer may ask you to rate your self in specific Technology like RPA, So It's depend on your knowledge and work experience in RPA.
2. What challenges did you face while working on RPA?
This question may be specific to your technology and completely depends on your past work experience. So you need to just explain the challenges you faced related to RPA in your Project.
3. What was your role in last Project related to RPA?
It's based on your role and responsibilities assigned to you and what functionality you implemented using RPA in your project. This question is generally asked in every interview.
4. How much experience do you have in RPA?
Here you can tell about your overall work experience on RPA.
5. Have you done any RPA Certification or Training?
It's depend on candidate like you have done any RPA training or certification. Certifications or trainings are not essential but good to have.
Conclusion:We have covered some frequently asked RPA (Robotic Process Automation) Interview Questions and Answers to help you for your Interview. All these Essential RPA (Robotic Process Automation) Interview Questions are targeted for mid level of experienced Professionals and freshers.